Use a spray bottle to moisten the paper towels and then store the cushioned seeds between two plates, under a face-down bowl, or gently place them in a plastic bag. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
So, you’ve decided to grow your own cannabis plants. You purchased a pack of seeds, assembled cultivation materials, cleared a space in your garden, and are ready to grow your first cannabis crop . With everything in hand, it’s time to begin the very first step of cannabis cultivation : germinating seeds.
Soil is an easy, more natural method with which to germinate your cannabis seeds. The soil protects the fragile roots from any interference, and soil is, after all, where a cannabis plant would grow in the wild.
To germinate seeds this way, lay one paper towel on top of a countertop, place a few seeds, and cover them with a second paper towel.
The best germination method depends on the cultivator’s choice. Here are some of the most common ways to pop your cannabis seeds.
Germination itself is a crucial aspect of cannabis cultivation. The seed germination process is the foundation of every marijuana plant, and steps can be taken to boost successful popping. For example, some cultivators improve germination attempts by soaking seeds in 1% hydrogen peroxide or a compost tea for 12 hours beforehand to kill any dangerous pests.
While many plants can be germinated in the ground, cannabis seeds are fragile enough that you should germinate them before planting.
According to Nicole Richter from MarijuanaBreak, you can achieve this by following the steps below:
Germinating is an essential process of which you determine whether your seeds have a chance to grow into lush green Cannabis plants.
To ensure that they germinate successfully, you should make sure that the needed environment is met at all times, or during the germination process. These are:
Method #4: Overnight soaking
All you need is a paper towel and two clean plates (Preferably white). For this to become possible, you need a paper towel that is nonporous. This will prevent your seeds from getting stuck in the paper towel’s pores since it will grow in to them. Cheap paper towels are usually nonporous, so go for that one.
This may sound easy, but the paper towels may ruin your germination process if it is not done properly.
Once it emerges, the shell of the seed will fall off and reveal its first leaves, which are also known as cotyledons. These are already inside of the seed; it just broke out of the shell.
This is the first root of yo u r cannabis plant and will only extend to a lengthier size until the seed is pushed through the surface of the soil.
Leave it overnight, preferably for 24 to 32 hours for maximum germination rate. Leaving the seeds for more than the given hours will soften the seeds too much — rendering them unable to grow.
Keep a close eye on the temperature and moisture level of the soil to keep the seed happy. It’s very delicate at this stage. Use a spray bottle to water it—over-watering can suffocate and kill the delicate sprout.
In some cases, even if a seed isn’t completely mature, there’s still a chance it could be viable. But often these are extremely weak, take long to develop, and express other unfavorable characteristics. Growers usually discard weak plants to free up space.
Once you see the taproot, it’s time to transfer your germinated seed into its growing medium, such as soil.
Some varieties of cannabis can produce male parts alongside female flowers on the same plant, especially if exposed to environmental stressors. These plants are known as hermaphrodites, and sometimes they can self-pollinate to create seeds.
Additionally, every long-time grower will tell you that clones degrade over time.
Cannabis can be either male or female—also called “dioecious”—but only females produce the buds we all know and love. For reproduction, males have pollen sacs and pollinate females, causing female flowers to produce seeds.
If growing outside, some growers prefer to germinate seeds inside because they are delicate in the beginning stages of growth. Indoors, you can give weed seedlings supplemental light to help them along, and then transplant them outside when big enough.