The legal status of cannabis products in the EU is confusing. Due to the novel food regulation, goods like CBD oil in Ireland are now in a grey legal area. While we are aware most of our customers have a good understanding of CBD, some people still ask us, “Is CBD oil legal in Ireland?”. Given that CBD comes from the hemp plant, there is a lot of…
The Legal Status of CBD Oil in Ireland
What’s next for CBD oil in Ireland? No one can say for sure. But as of now, CBD products classified as novel foods are safe, legal, and here to stay.
The legal status of cannabis products in the EU today has become confusing. Due to the novel food regulation, goods like CBD oil in Ireland are now in a grey legal area.
As you may have noticed, some stores in Dublin are selling CBD products that contain less than 0.2% THC — however, cannabis-derived CBD is still illegal. The easiest way to sell a CBD product is by classifying it as a novel food, not a medicinal supplement.
So, what is the CBD oil law in Ireland? This article will tell you everything you need to know.
How Is CBD Oil Currently Classified?
In Ireland, CBD is not considered an illegal drug under the Misuse of Drugs Act. It can be legally bought and sold as a food product if it doesn’t contain any THC.
However, CBD is also not classified as a medicine. That means it cannot be prescribed by a doctor or sold as a medicinal product in pharmacies and drug stores. Any hemp or CBD-related product must be marketed as a supplement or food product legally sold in Ireland.
CBD vs. THC: What’s the Difference?
CBD stands for cannabidiol — it’s one of the two main chemicals derived from the hemp plant. The other is tetrahydrocannabinol or THC.
Man putting CBD oil in tea; image by Evopure CBD, via Unsplash.com.
To put it simply, THC contains psychoactive properties, while CBD does not. That’s why products containing THC are still illegal in Ireland. Recent updates to Irish law have classified CBD as a non-cannabis product, so it is legal to sell in stores as long as it contains less than 0.2% THC.
The Novel Food Status of Hemp
Hemp products, including CBD oil, can be classified as novel foods if they meet certain specifications.
A novel food is any ingestible food or ingredient that was not available on the EU market before May of 1997. These products must go through a strict authorization process before they are eligible to be sold.
Now, this is where it gets tricky — some cold-pressed hemp oils do not need to be authorized as novel foods because they were already consumed in the EU before 1997. Oils produced by cold pressing hemp seeds or other parts of the plant are legal to sell as food supplements without applying for authorization without the use of chemicals or solvents for extraction.
According to the Novel Food Catalogue, a hemp-derived product has to be extracted using safe methods to be considered a novel food. Every CBD oil manufacturer who uses extraction or purification techniques must independently apply for novel food authorization before selling their oil on the EU market.
In 2021, there will be another legal shift in the UK and Ireland for CBD manufacturers and retailers. Any new CBD product that has not been authorized as a novel food before March 31st of this year will have to be taken off the shelves.
For that reason, CBD manufacturers should submit their applications as soon as possible.
Applying for Novel Food Authorization
Wondering how you can classify your CBD oil as a novel food? It isn’t too difficult — the most important thing is to start your application right away to meet the March 31st deadline.
Here’s what you need to know:
For CBD Manufacturers
As a CBD oil manufacturer, it is your responsibility to submit an application for novel food authorization to the Regulated Products Portal.
The current processing time for applications is around one month. If you want your application to be approved as quickly as possible, make sure to include all the necessary data and information about your product.
Incomplete applications will not be processed — which means you won’t get your novel food authorization before the March 31st deadline.
For CBD Resellers
If you sell pre-branded or white-labeled CBD products, you should contact your supplier about the novel food authorization application.
It’s crucial that your specific products are mentioned in the application. Otherwise, they will not be considered novel foods and cannot be sold. Resellers can’t fill out independent applications for authorization, so make sure you communicate with your supplier!
For CBD Secondary Producers
If you bottle, blend or reformulate another manufacturer’s CBD product, your product can be included in your supplier’s application.
Secondary producers can also fill out an independent application for authorization, known as a “piggyback application.” You will need to provide stability and shelf-life tests to certify the safety of your product.
Marketing CBD Oil
If you are selling CBD oil classified as a novel food, it has to be appropriately labeled and marketed. Any food product with false or misleading marketing can lose its legal status.
Remember, non-cannabis CBD is legal in Ireland, but it is not classified as a medicinal product. Claiming that your CBD oil has medicinal properties is against the law.
So, how can you keep yourself and your product safe? Be careful about the wording used on your labels and in your advertising. Claims that your product will “treat,” “cure,” or “heal” an illness or medical problem are illegal. Those laws extend to what you post on social media or say out loud to customers!
As long as your CBD oil is not marketed with any health claims, you won’t have to worry about it losing its novel food authorization.
The legal status of CBD oil and other hemp-derived products in Ireland is complicated. Laws are always changing and being rewritten — as a CBD oil manufacturer, reseller, or producer, keeping up with the latest changes can be exhausting.
That said, it’s important to keep yourself in the know! This article covered the current legal status of CBD products in Ireland, but more information may be made available throughout the year. Do your research and check back regularly to make sure your product is safe!
What’s next for CBD oil in Ireland? No one can say for sure. But as of now, CBD products classified as novel foods are safe, legal, and here to stay.
Is CBD oil legal in Ireland in 2022?
While we are aware most of our customers have a good understanding of CBD, some people still ask us, “Is CBD oil legal in Ireland?”. Given that CBD comes from the hemp plant, there is a lot of confusion out there, and many mistake it for cannabis, leading to questions about its legal status. In addition, laws and regulations are ever changing and it’s only right to make sure CBD is legal in Ireland in 2022.
Not to worry, though; we are here to answer all your questions about CBD’s legal status in Ireland and the other countries we ship to across the globe. Additionally, we will shed some light on the differences between cannabis and CBD and where to buy CBD oil in Ireland and abroad.
CBD vs. cannabis
Before we jump into answering is CBD oil legal in Ireland, it seems only right to address the elephant in the room: cannabis. Although some are entirely aware of the differences between marijuana and CBD, others have yet to distinguish. And who can blame them when the information around CBD is often either technical or focusing entirely on benefits. (Feel free to skip this part if you know the difference between CBD and cannabis).
If you are unsure of the distinction, CBD is one of the many chemical compounds, or as it is often called, ‘cannabinoids’ extracted from the cannabis Sativa plant. Naturally, cannabis also comes from this plant and this causes quite a bit of confusion.
However, CBD has trace amounts of THC, the psychoactive element that gives users a euphoric feeling. By contrast, cannabis has significant amounts of THC, which explains why those who smoke it get high. In addition to this high feeling, those who smoke cannabis may experience other hallucinogenic effects.
While cannabis is strictly illegal in the vast majority of countries, CBD is considered a food supplement and is, for the most part, legal to sell, buy and consume. This is so long as it meets specific requirements, which we will delve into later.
Overall, CBD has been implemented into the lives of many who seek to enhance their physical and mental wellness. While there has been some research into the benefits of CBD, it is still limited, and a lot of the benefits that have been reported are the result of anecdotal claims.
Is CBD oil legal in Ireland?
Let’s get straight into what you want to know now: is CBD oil legal in Ireland? The answer is, yes, CBD oil is legal to sell, buy and use in Ireland. CBD does not fall under the Misuse of Drugs legislation in Ireland and is not considered a controlled substance. This is because CBD is not psychoactive.
For CBD products to be legally sold in Ireland, they cannot contain THC. Although, CBD products do often find themselves in a legal gray area in Ireland since they generally fall under the European Novel Food Regulation. This regulation is in place by the EU and controls the placement of CBD products and other various novel foods for sale. Novel foods are considered foods that do not have a long history of consumption.
Novel foods are also products that are altered, for example, changed by using heat or by incorporating additives. In order words, the product is entirely changed. Depending on the extraction method, this is why a lot of CBD products do fall under the Novel Foods bracket. However, Greenheart’s CBD oil does not and is considered a novel food. The reason for this is that we extract CBD using cold-press extraction and this does not alter the product.
There are numerous different extraction methods out there when it comes to creating CBD products, but our method is incredibly efficient and the most natural. It means all parts of the hemp plant are incorporated and pressed. Then, the raw CBD oil is collected, making a high-quality product without using any solvents or chemicals. Beyond being natural, this also ensures our CBD oil is zero waste, making it eco-friendly.
What is the legal status of CBD oil in other countries?
If you’re not Irish or living here but want to try CBD, you’re likely wondering about your country, right? We ship our products to numerous other countries besides Ireland. The legal status varies from country to country and is constantly subject to change as new laws are introduced. Let’s have a look at CBD’s legal status in these countries.
CBD is entirely legal in Bulgaria so long as it contains no more than 0.2% THC. Unlike the remainder of Europe, Bulgaria regards CBD as a food rather than classifying it as a medicine or supplement.
It is legal to buy, sell and consume CBD in Croatia so long as it does not contain more than 0.2% THC.
Cannabis is legal for recreational use in the Czech Republic, so the country’s law is that CBD products are legal so long as they do not exceed 0.3% of THC.
CBD is legal in Cyprus so long as the THC levels do not surpass 0.2% at any stage in its production. In addition, the CBD must be made using industrial hemp.
It is legal to sell, buy, and consume CBD in Estonia. The only rule is that CBD products cannot surpass the 0.2% THC limit.
CBD is legal in France; however, their government does not allow CBD products that contain any THC. Therefore, only CBD products that contain zero THC are legal to sell and consume here.
CBD oil is legal to consume and sell in Greece; however, its THC levels cannot be higher than 0.2% at any stage during the production process. In addition, the CBD must be made from industrial hemp.
The legal status of CBD in Hungary is that CBD products must not contain any more than 0.2% THC at any point during the production process. Similarly to Greece, the CBD must be extracted from industrial hemp.
The production and sale of CBD in Italy is legal so long as the THC levels do not surpass 0.6%. Anything higher is considered illegal to sell, buy and consume in Italy.
So long as it is extracted from industrial hemp and the THC levels remain below 0.2% at all stages of the production process, CBD is legal to consume, buy and sell in Latvia.
CBD is legal to sell, buy and consume in Luxembourg so long as the THC levels do not exceed 0.3% at any stage during the production process. Additionally, the CBD has to be made from industrial hemp.
In Poland, CBD is legal given that it is extracted from industrial hemp, and its THC levels do not go past 0.2% at any stage in the production process.
As long as they do not contain more than 0.2% THC, CBD is legal in Romania.
If it is extracted from industrial hemp and the concentration of THC does not surpass 0.2% at any stage in the production process, CBD is legal in Slovenia.
According to Spanish legislation, CBD can only be sold as a cosmetic product. However, consumable CBD products are still available to purchase here but often have a warning message that states ‘for external use only’. CBD products are legal in Spain so long as they do not exceed 0.2% THC.
CBD is legal in Sweden, but its government does not allow CBD products to have any trace of THC. Given that, you can only sell, buy and consume CBD products with zero THC here. For consumable CBD products, a license is required from the Medical Products Agency.
CBD products are legal to sell, buy and consume in Switzerland. The only condition is they must contain less than 1.0% THC.
The Ukrainian government does not allow CBD products to contain any amount of THC. Therefore, only products with zero THC content are permitted to be sold, consumed, and purchased here.
CBD is legal in the UK, but similarly to Ukraine, it must contain zero THC in order for it to be sold, purchased, and consumed legally.
Is CBD legal in the Middle East?
Most nations in the Middle East do not distinguish between cannabis and CBD. As a result, many people have been executed and imprisoned for having it in their possession. The only areas that seem to sell CBD in the Middle East are Turkey, Israel, and Egypt; however, the products must not contain any THC.
Is CBD legal in South Africa?
CBD is legal in South Africa; however, according to their laws, it should only contain trace amounts of THC.
What US states legalized CBD?
The United States Federal Law allows CBD to be extracted from hemp and used in products so long as they do not exceed 0.3% THC. In saying that, each state has its own say and, therefore, its own legislation. The states are generally categorized by colors: Green, Amber, Amber-Red, and Red.
Green refers to states where cannabis is legalized, so CBD is too. Amber states are those where CBD can be sold but has specific conditions. Amber-red states are those where CBD is legal but more conditions are added. Finally, as the name implies, red states are states where CBD is illegal.
Some examples of green states include Colorado, California, Alaska, Massachusetts, Maine, Michigan, Nevada, Oregon, Washington, and Vermont. These are the states where CBD is entirely legal. For the amber states, you will likely require a prescription. Amber-red states means the products generally have a very low THC content and are mainly encouraged for medical purposes.
However, it is important to regularly check on your country or state’s laws to confirm whether CBD oil is legal. This is because the laws are ever changing as more research is conducted and there is more awareness of CBD.
Why buy from Greenheart CBD?
So now you know the legal status of CBD in your specific country, whether it’s Ireland or abroad. You’re currently likely wondering where to buy CBD or why you should buy from a brand like Greenheart. There are several reasons why Greenheart should be your chosen CBD brand and why it is the best place to purchase CBD oil in Ireland.
For one thing, we are a 100% Irish-owned company and all our products are made here in Ireland. We can also say with the utmost confidence that our products are of exceptional quality. We use the most innovative technology on the planet to make sure our plants and production facilities are the best they can be.
All our CBD oils are organic, meaning they contain no pesticides, fungicides, or solvents. We have three different blends to choose from that can target various concerns — hemp, flaxseed, and rapeseed. In addition, they all have a Certificate Analysis where you can see our products contain zero THC. This also shows you the exact ingredients in our products. What’s more, we third-party test all of our products to ensure they are safe for human and animal consumption.
Along with that, we have raving reviews from customers who swear by our products to enhance their physical and mental wellness. Another great thing about Greenheart is our products do not contain any THC, which means they are in line with the laws of all these countries and states on the above list. Therefore, you can rest knowing you are purchasing an entirely legal product despite whether laws change.
To bring everything full circle, when it comes to answering is CBD oil legal in Ireland, the answer is yes. While most of our customers have extensive knowledge of CBD, there is still some uncertainty, mainly due to its close cousin: marijuana. We hope this article helped you determine whether CBD oil is legal in your area.
If you’re ready to start your CBD journey today, be sure to check out our online shop. We ship to 48 different countries and ensure you receive only the best quality CBD oil.